Since their discovery in 1920’s by a Canadian Scientist Felix D’Herelle, bacteriophages where widely used for treatment of different infectious diseases. After discovering and well-marketing of Penicillin in 1930-ies, everybody has forgotten about phages except in Soviet Union, where antibiotics where not widely available, and phages where acknowledged to be a powerful weapon to fight infections, especially during military operations.
With a special order Joseph Stalin has established a military laboratory in Tbilisi, Republic of Georgia, which soon was converted to Institute of Bacteriophages. This Institute was later named after its founder, a prominent scientist George Eliava.
For almost a century, Eliava Institute of Bacteriophages is collecting, selecting and breeding bacteriophages against numerous strains of bacteria. Eliava microbiologists have created most powerful cocktails and medications, which can fight even most resistant to antibiotics superbugs.
Among them are:
Phage cocktail against Methicilin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus, individually selected and augmented on patient specific strains;
Standardized phage cocktail active against various strains of Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, Proteus, E. coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa;
Phage cocktail designed for CF infectious complications and active against Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa species, individually selected and augmented on patient-specific strains;
4. EliColi ®
Wide range of intestinal phages against E.coli, Salmonella, Proteus, Shigella strains contain also most active phages against Staphylococcus, Streptococcus and Pseudomonas strains.
Cocktails for Commercial use:
1. BUGLYSER ®
Wide Range anti-Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa phage cocktail for prophylactic treatment of public spaces exposed to MRSA infections.
Wide range of anti-Salmonella and E. coli phage cocktail for treatment of agricultural products; Eliava institute has selected and numerous phages against following microorganisms:
Staphylococcus: S. aureus; S. epidermidis; S. saprophyticus
Streptococcus: S. pyogenes, S. sanguis, S. salivarius; (kargi fagiebi ar gvaqvs streptococcis)
Salmonella : S.paratyphi A, S. paratyphi B, S.typhimurium, S. enteritidis , S. heidelberg, S. newport, S. cholerae suis, S.oranienburg, S. dublin, S. anatum etc.
Shigella: Sh. flexneri (serovars 1,2,3,4); Sh. sonnei ( 6) ; Sh. newcastle
Proteus : P. vulgaris; P. mirabilis